VTOL or Vertical Take Off and Landing is a capablility, possesed by a few fixed-wing aircraft and helicopters that allow an aircraft to take off without a runway or airfield.

Fixed-Wing Aircraft[]

United States[]

United Kingdom[]

  • BAE/Boeing AV-8B Harrier II
  • BAE Harrier Jump Jet
  • BAE Sea Harrier Jump Jet

Russia & Former Soviet Union[]

  • Yakolev Yak-36
  • Yakovlev Yak-38
  • Yakovlev Yak-141